Wednesday, 27 January 2016

Niccolo Machiavelli

His life
Niccolo Machiavelli born in Florence on May 3, 1469 and expired in 1527. He was an Italian historian, Statesman and political philosopher who is very popular because of his thoughts gull of cunning and duplicity.
Machiavelli joined government services as a clerk and rose to prominence when the Florentine Republic was proclaimed in 1498. He was secretary of the ten man council that conducted the diplomatic negotiations and supervised the military operations of the republic, and his duties included missions to the French king (1504, 1510-1511), the Holy See (1506), and the German Emperor (1507-1508). During his diplomatic missions within Italy he knew many study their political tactics, particularly of Cesare Borgia, who was at that time engaged in enlarging his holdings in central Italy. From 1503 to 1506 Machiavelli reorganized the military defense of the republic of Florence. In 1523, when the Medici, a Florentine family, regained power in Florence and the republic was dissolved, he was deprived of office and imprisoned for alleged conspiracy against the Medici. Lorenzo was the last Medici ruler at that time and Machiavelli dedicated his ‘the Prince of Lorenzo. After his release he retired to his estate near Florence, Where he wrote his most important works. Despite his attempts to gain favor with the Medici rulers, he was never restored to his government position, he died in Florence on June 21, 1527.
Throughout his career Machiavelli sought to establish a state capable of resisting foreign attack. His writings are concerned with the Principles on which such a state is founded, and with the means by which they can be implemented and maintained. His book originally known as “ ALL Princhi Pay’’. i.e the Prince has world-wide fame. In his book he describes the method by which a prince can acquire and maintain political power.

Machiavellian ism, as a term has been used to describe the principles of power politics, and the type of person who uses principles in political or personal life is frequently described as a Machiavellian.
Machiavelli's View of Human Nature:-
Machiavelli analyzed human nature and in the very opening pages his 'THE PRINCE' he explains that how a standard human being ought to be and how is he in practice, there wide gulf. In the  Prince Niccolo maciavelli  presents a view of governing a state that is severely different from that of humanists of his authority determining every aspect of the state and put in effect a policy, which would serve his best interests. these interests were gaining, maintaining.

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